LIVER DISEASE

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Your liver is an important organ that performs hundreds of functions related to metabolism, energy storage, and detoxification of waste. It helps you to digest food, convert it into energy and store it till then, Until you need it. It also helps filter out toxins from your bloodstream. Liver disease is a general term that refers to any condition affecting your liver.

These conditions can develop for various reasons, but they can all damage your liver and affect its function. Belwo are the symptoms of liver disease. 

What is the symptoms of Liver Disease?

Symptoms of liver disease vary depending on the underlying cause.
However, there are some common symptoms that may indicate some types of liver disease.


These include:

 

  • yellow skin and eyes,
  • known as jaundice
  • Dark urine
  • Pale, bloody, or black stool
  • swollen ankles, legs, or abdomen
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • decreased appetite
  • ongoing fatigue
  • itchy skin
  • easy bruising

These are some common liver Problems?

Many conditions can affect your liver. Here is a some of the main ones.

Hepatitis is a viral infection of your liver. This causes inflammation and liver damage, which makes it difficult for your liver to function.

All types of hepatitis are contagious, but you can reduce your risk by getting vaccinated for A and B or taking other preventive steps, including practicing safe sex and not sharing needles.

There are five types of hepatitis:

Hepatitis A is usually spread by contact with contaminated food or water. Symptoms may be apparent without treatment, but recovery may take a few weeks.

Hepatitis B can be acute (short term) or chronic (long term). It is spread by bodily fluids such as blood and semen. While hepatitis B is treatable, there is no cure.
Early treatment is important to avoid complications, so have regular checkups if you are at risk.

Hepatitis C can also be acute or chronic. It is often spread by blood contact with a person with Hepatitis C. Although it often does not
cause symptoms in its early stages, permanent liver damage may occur in its later stages.

Hepatitis D is a severe form of hepatitis that develops only in people
with hepatitis B – it cannot be contracted on its own. It can be either acute or chronic.

Hepatitis E is usually caused by drinking contaminated water. Generally, it clears up automatically  within a few weeks without any permanent complications.

Fatty liver disease
fatty Liver

Fat buildup in the liver can lead to fatty liver disease.

There are two types of fatty liver disease:

 

  • Alcoholic fatty liver disease caused by heavy alcohol consumption
  • Non-fatty liver disease, which is caused by other factors, experts are still trying to understand.

Leftover, both types of fatty liver disease can cause liver damage, which can lead to cirrhosis and liver failure. Diet and another way of life changes can frequently improve manifestations and diminish your danger of inconveniences.

Autoimmune conditions

Autoimmune conditions cause your immune system to accidentally attack healthy cells in your body.
Many autoimmune conditions include cells attacking your immune system and your liver, including:

 

Autoimmune Hepatitis. This condition causes your immune system to attack your liver, resulting in inflammation.
Left untreated, it can cause cirrhosis and liver failure.

 

Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). This results in damage to the bile ducts in your liver, which leads to the formation of bile.
PBC can eventually lead to cirrhosis and liver failure.

 

Primary sclerosing cholangitis. This fiery condition makes steady harm your bile pipes. They eventually get blocked, causing bile formation in your liver. This can cause cirrhosis or liver failure.

Genetic conditions

Several genetic conditions, which you inherit from one of your parents, can also affect your liver:

 

Hemochromatosis causes your body to store excess iron. This iron remains in your organs including your liver. It can cause long-term damage if not managed.

 

Wilson’s disease causes your liver to absorb copper rather than release it into your bile ducts. Eventually, your liver may get damaged to store more copper.By which it can travel through your bloodstream and damage other parts of your body including your brain.

 

Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AT) deficiency occurs when your liver cannot make enough alpha-1 antitrypsin, a protein that helps prevent the breakdown of enzymes throughout your body. This condition can cause lung sickness just as liver infection. There is no cure, but treatment can help.

LIVER FAILURE

Chronic liver failure usually occurs when a significant part of your liver is damaged and is unable to function properly. Generally, liver failure related to liver disease and cirrhosis occurs slowly. You may not have any symptoms before. But over time,

 

you can start to notice:

  • Jaundice
  • Diarrhea
  • Confusion
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Nausea

This is a serious condition that requires continuous management.

Acute liver failure, on the other hand, often occurs in response to an overdose or toxicity.

Am I at risk?

Certain things can make you more likely to develop some liver diseases. One of the most well-known is heavy drinking, which defines the source for disease control and prevention as more than eight alcoholic drinks a week for women and more than 15 drinks a week for men.

 

Other risk factors include:

 

  • Sharing needles
  • Getting a tattoo or body piercing with a non-sterile needle
  • Doing a task where you are presented to blood and other natural liquids
  • Having sex without using protection against sexually transmitted infections
  • Diabetes or high cholesterol
  • Having a family history of liver disease
  • Being overweight
  • Exposure to toxins or pesticides
  • Especially taking some supplements or herbs in large quantities
  • Mixing some medicines with alcohol or taking more than the recommended dose of some medicines.
How are liver illnesses analyzed?

If you are concerned that you may have liver disease, it is best to make an appointment with your healthcare provider to reduce your symptoms.

 

They will start by looking at your medical history and asking about any family
history of liver problems. After that, they will probably ask you some questions about your symptoms, including when they started and whether certain things make them better or worse.

 

Depending on your symptoms, you will be asked about your drinking and eating habits. Also describe any prescription or over-the-counter medications, including vitamins and supplements.

 

Once they have collected all this information, they can recommend:

 

  • liver function tests
  • a complete blood count test
  • CT scans, MRIs, or ultrasounds to check for liver damage or tumors
  • A liver biopsy, which includes eliminating a little example of your liver and inspecting it for indications of harm or sickness
How are they treated?

Many liver diseases are chronic, meaning they last for years and can never go away. Be that as it may, even constant liver infections can ordinarily be overseen.

 

For some people, lifestyle changes are enough to keep the symptoms at bay. These may include:

 

  • Limiting alcohol
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • drink more water
  • Adopt a liver-friendly diet that contains plenty of fiber while reducing fat, sugar and salt

Depending on the specific liver condition you have, your healthcare provider may recommend other dietary changes. For example, people living with Wilson’s disease should limit copper-rich foods, including shellfish, mushrooms, and nuts.

 

Depending on the condition affecting your liver, you may also need medical treatment, such as:

 

  • Antiviral drugs to treat hepatitis
  • Steroids to reduce liver inflammation
  • Blood pressure medicine
  • Antibiotics
  • Medications to target specific symptoms, such as itchy skin
  • Vitamins and supplements to promote liver health

In some cases, you may need surgery to remove all or part of your liver. Generally, a liver transplant is performed only when other options have failed

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